Tuesday, October 31, 2017

Colonial Witches in Connecticut



I admit I am fascinated with our ancestral involvement in the colonial witch trials, but I am reminded that these were real people caught up in this hysteria; mothers, fathers, friends and neighbors who genuinely feared the devil's presence in their lives. Two of my ancestors were tried for witchcraft and one was executed.  While others were witnesses and judges.

As  portrayed in popular stories of the Salem witch trials, the accused might be spared if they confessed, repented and pointed the finger at others which did nothing but feed the frenzy. Almost four hundred years later, we know these people were innocent and to falsely accuse another to save oneself is wrong, yet, in the 17th century, witchcraft was accepted as a very real threat. We can only imagine what the accused went through.  In that situation I can understand how an accused witch might convince herself that a strange neighbor was bewitched, amidst her own self doubts as to whether her seemingly innocent actions were, in fact, witchcraft.  

There was no forensic science, to speak of, thus the courts relied almost entirely on witness' accounts.  They did have a few witch 'tells' including putting a person in the water, possibly with their hands and feet bound, as witches would float. It's believed that some women briefly floated due to their dresses.  Most people sank proving their innocence but at what cost. Some drowned when the rope tied to their waist, intended to pull them to safety, broke.  Another tell involved searching the body of the accused for witch marks or teats that were believed to have been made by the devil and, thus, were insensitive to pain.  The courts did not necessarily accept these as evidence, but they were done nonetheless. People were often convicted based on voluntary confessions, or the testimony by two witnesses.

It's estimated that 80 people were accused of witchcraft and 15 executed in New England during the initial wave of hysteria in the mid 1600's.  One of those accused was Elizabeth Cogan Holly Kendall (1599-1651),my 9th great grandmother, who was put to death in about 1651.  The famous Salem witch trials didn't occur for another 40 years, in about 1692, during which 19 more people were executed with many more accused.

WATERTOWN, MA - 1651

Elizabeth Cogan, was born in Somerset England about 1599.  She married Samuel Holly (1593-1643) in England in 1618 and came to America in about 1635 with her husband and children including her oldest son John Galen Holly (1618-1681) (my 8th gr grandfather).   Samuel Holly died in 1643 leaving his wife Elizabeth and children, the youngest of which was probably about 10 years old.  In 1644, Elizabeth married John Kendall (1608-1661)

A few years later in approximately 1651, 'Goody' or Mrs. Kendall was charged with bewitching the child of Goodman Genings to death.   Goody Kendall was said to "make much of the child when she was well." The child then "quickly changed color" and died a few hours later.  Goody Kendall was accused by the Genings' nurse of witchcraft.  Her trial and execution, was one of the earliest in colonial america, were said to be unusually swift. According to one source, she was put to death by hanging, but other sources indicate the method of her execution is unproven.  

Not long after the execution, upon questioning, the parents of the child indicated that the nurse had taken her out into the cold the night before which they believed was the cause of the child's death.  In order to protect herself, the nurse had accused Mrs. Kendall.  In all likelihood neither woman was to blame for the death.  The nurse was imprisoned for bearing false witness against Goody Kendall, but she was never tried and died in  prison.  I can't help wondering how this trial may have impacted history had it occurred and shed light on the ease with which a person could be falsely accused.    


            John Galen Holly (1618-1681) - Our Ancestor
    • The exact year the Holly family arrived in New England is uncertain, but probably between 1630-1635.  In either case, town records show they resided in Cambridge MA by 1639.  
    • After his father's death, John Holly moved to Stamford CT in 1645, where he became a prominent town official serving as selectman, representative and judge.  
    • A conflicting opinion claims John Holly was not Samuel's son.  However,  there is quite convincing evidence to refute this including property records of land owned by Samuel Holly on the southside of Charles river in Cambridge, MA that was willed to Samuel's son in Dec. 1643, and then sold by John Holly to Edward Jackson in Oct. 1645.   The sale also included land currently in use by Elizabeth Kendall, late wife of Samuel Holly.
    • Notably, John Holly named his eldest son Samuel and eldest daughter Elizabeth, after his parents, in accordance with English naming traditions of the time.
    • Two of John Galen Holly's children are our direct ancestors  - John Holly (1649- 1716) is a 7th gr grandfather and Bethia (Holly) Weed (1655-1713) is an 8th gr grandmother. 
    ========================================================================

    FAIRFIELD - 1692

    Elizabeth Clason/Clawson (1641-1714)  (my 9th gr grandmother) was accused of witchcraft and tried in Fairfield, CT in 1692.  Elizabeth's maiden name was Periment or Pennoyer.  She was believed to have been born in England, most likely coming to America with her parents in approximately 1643.  I have not positively identified her parents, but she married Stephen Clason (McClay/Clawson) on November 11, 1654 in Stamford.  They had four children, including their youngest daughter, Elizabeth (Clason) Dann (1666-1748) who is my 8th gr grandmother. 

    Unlike Elizabeth Kendall's case for which there is only one written account, her story is recorded in detail in a number of documents that still exist today.   Further the people of Stamford are said to have been very suspicious of the accusations against Elizabeth Clason.

    Katherine Branch was a servant who lived with the Wescot family in Stamford Ct.  In April of 1692 she began to suffer seizures and fits causing her to fall to the ground, convulse and call out.   A local midwife concluded she was bewitched. 

    On May 27, 1692, hearings were held by a Court of Inquiry, led by Nathan Gold and Jonathan Selleck , both of whom are my 9th gr grandfathers, as well as John Burr and John Bell. Katherine Branch told stories of a cat speaking to her and turning into a woman and then back to a cat. Katherine accused several women of being witches with her, including Goody (Elizabeth Periment) Clason and  Mercy Disborough of Fairfield. 
    Elizabeth Clason denied the accusations, but admitted there had been a disagreement between herself and Abigail Wescot for some years which could have been the motive for the Wescot's servant to accuse Clason

     According to records Mrs. Clason was subjected to the water test in a Fairfield pond and floated, an indication of her guilt as a witch. The preliminary investigation of a special Court stated that she had 'familiarity with Satan'...'and deserved to dye.'   The court appointed Sarah Burr, Abigail Burr, Abigail Howard, Sarah Wakeman, and Hannah Wilson to examine the bodies of Mrs. Clason and Mrs. Disborough in search of marks of the devil.  They reported finding nothing unusual on Mrs. Clason.



    In an unusual move, Stephen Clason asked his neighbors to sign a petition asserting his wife's good character.  In spite of the 'evidence', 76 Stamford residents signed the petition, the original of which still exists today at the Stamford Historical Society.   


    Elizabeth Clason's defenders







    After the hearings, Mrs.  Clason remained in jail pending the outcome, but the jurors were unable to reach a verdict.  In June the court created a special commission to try the case the following September.  The Fairfield trial began on September 14, but the jury was once again unable to reach a verdict.  Finally on October 28, 1692 court convened again.  This time the jury acquitted Clason and convicted Disborough who was sentenced to death.  The Hartford Court subsequently overturned that verdict and acquitted Disborough as well.  The women had spent months in jail awaiting the outcome but were at last freed. 

    Elizabeth (Clason) Dann (1666-1748) - Our Ancestor

    • Elizabeth Clason married Francis Dann Sr. in Stamford in November of 1685 - my 8th gr grandparents.  
    • We are direct descendents of two of her children. 
      • Their daughter, Elizabeth Dann (1686-1731) married John Jones (1676-1721)  
      • Their son, John Dann (1701-1731) married Deborah Green (1701-

    =================================================

    FAIRFIELD - 1653


    In another case, in Fairfield CT. our ancestor Susannah (Norman) Lockwood (1616-1660), wife of Robert Lockwood, testified against Goodwife Knapp who was convicted of witchcraft and executed by hanging in 1653.  Goody Knapp was tried by Magistrates John Davenport and Roger Ludlow.  

     Goody Knapp was reported to have been tormented emotionally and physically while in jail. A group of women, including Susannah Lockwood, were appointed to examine her body and were quite thorough and rough.  Goody Knapp is reported to have told the group "take heed the devil have not you."

    Goody Knapp refused to accuse others and is credited with the following statement, "I must not render evil for evil ... I have sins enough already, and I will not add this [naming another witch] to my condemnation."


    SOURCES: 

    Lucius Robinson Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, H. O. Houghton, 1877 - Cambridge (Mass.), http://www.cambridgehistory.org/content/gallows-hill-ancient-place-execution

    David D. Hall,Witch-Hunting in Seventeenth Century New England, A Documentary History 1638-1693, Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1999

    Godbeer, Richard, Escaping Salem The Other Witch Hunt of 1692.  Oxford University Press, Inc., 2005.

    Tomlinson, Richard G., Witchcraft Trials of Connecticut:  The First Comprehensive, Documented History of Witchcraft Trials in Colornial Connecticut. Hartford, Conn. Connecticut Research, In., 1978



    Stamford Historical Society

    Monday, April 24, 2017

    William Shakespeare, First Cousin 14X Removed

    King Henry VIII separated the Church of England from the Catholic Church in 1533 and decreed marriage between first cousins legal, leading to perhaps the most complex family tree ever! 


    William Shakespeare has no direct descendants, but he is our first cousin 14 times removed.    His mother, Mary Arden, is our 13th great grand aunt, sister to our 13th great grandmother.  Thus his maternal grandparents (Robert & Mary Webb Arden) are our 14th great grandparents.  On his father's side his, John Alexander Webb is his Great Grandfather and also our 15th Great Grandfather.   Richard Webb came to America in about 1629.  He is Beatrice Scofield Syska's 9th Great Grandfather and William Shakespeare's first cousin once removed.


    ARDEN FAMILY OF ENGLAND


    The Arden Family takes its name from the Forest of Arden in Warwickshire and can trace it's male lineage back to the Anglo Saxon time period prior to the 11th century Norman Invasion.

    G1) Ralph De Arden (1373-1421)  m.  Sibell DeBelgrave -  18th GRGR
    G2) Robert De Arden (1413-1451) m. Elizabeth Clodshale - 17th GRGR
    G3) Walter De Arden (1441-1502) m. Eleanor Hampden   -  16th GRGR
    G4) Thomas Arden (1469-1546)  m. unknown - 15th GRGR
    G5) Robert Arden (1506-1556) m. Mary Webb  and  Grace Arden (1514-  ) m. Henry Webb  - both are my 14th GRGR
    G6Mary Arden (1537 -  )  m. John Shakespeare   (Mary is my 13th great grand aunt)
    G6Margaret Arden (1538-1608) m.   Alexander Webb.  - 13th GRGR



    Castle Bromwich Hall
    John Arden (  -1526), apparently inherited the Arden family's primary estate at Park Hall, Castle Bromwich.   John Arden had fallen in love with Alice Bracebridge (a distant cousin), but his father,  Sir Walter  disapproved.  John was kidnapped & taken to bracebridge Hall.  Arbitrators appointed by King Edward IV, at the request of Sir Walter, permitted the marriage but ordered Richard Bracebridge to give Sir Walter his best horse for trespassing during the Kidnapping.  In 1502 John Arden inherited Park Hall in Castle Bromwich, while his younger brother, Thomas (1469-1546) settled at Wilmcote near Stratford upon Avon.





    WEBB FAMILY OF ENGLAND


    coatofarms1


    G4) Sir John Alexander Webb (1484-1516)  - 15th GRGR
    G5) Henry Alexander Webb (1510-1544) m. Grace Arden and Mary Webb (1512-1550) m. Robert Arden   -  14th GRGR
    G6) Sir Alexander Webb Sr. (1534-1573) m. Margaret Arden  - 13th GRGR
    G6) Sir Alexander Webb Jr. (1559-1629) m. Mary Wilson  - 12th GRGR
    G7) Richard Webb (1594-1676) m. Grace Wilson  - 11th GRGR




    G4) Sir John Alexander Webb (1484-1516) - 15th GRGR,  an officer in King Henry VIII's army, had four children by an unknown wife,  including MaryAbigail, Sir Henry Alexander  and Margaret.  Our family is related to Mary and Henry.
    • G5) Mary Webb (1512-1550)  married Robert Arden (1506-1556) and had 2 daughters.
      • G6) Mary Arden (1537-) who married John Shakespeare and gave birth to William - see below
      • G6) Margaret Arden (1538-1608 ) who married Sir Alexander Webb Sr. and whose descendants emigrated to America  - see below
    Mary Arden Home
    • G5) Abigail Webb (1515-  ) married  her first cousin, Richard Shakespeare in 1532 and had 2 sons- John and Henry.
      • G6) John Shakespeare also married his first cousin Mary Arden (1537 -  ), daughter of Robert Arden & Mary Webb (Abigail's sister), in 1557.  They several children including: 
        • G7) William Shakespeare who married Anne Hathaway and had 3 children. 
          • G8) Susanna Shakespeare married John Hall.  They had one daughter, Elizabeth Hall who died childless.
          • G8) Hamnet Shakespeare who died at the age of 11; and
          • G8) Judith Shakespeare who married Thomas Quinney and had 3 sons, but they all died young and childless.
        • G7) Joan Shakespeare married William Hart and had 4 children who inherited the Shakespeare home and have numerous descendants. 
    • G5) Sir Henry Alexander Webb (1510-1544):    Presumably named after King Henry, he was an usher in the Privy Council of Queen Regent Catherine Parr (King Henry's 6th wife), who granted him lands and privileges for his service. Henry married Grace Arden  (1514)  (daughter of Thomas Arden) and had three children:  Alexander, Agnes and Robert.  
      • G6) Sir Alexander Webb Sr. (1534-1573) also married his first cousin, Margaret Arden (1538-1608)  who was the daughter of Robert Arden.
        • G7) Sir Alexander Webb Jr. (1559-1629) married Mary Wilson (1561-1629) emigrated to America abt 1629  with their family including Richard Webb (1594-1676) (my 11th gr gr).   

    Read more about the Webb family in America here:  http://syskafamily.blogspot.com/2016/09/beatrice-scofield-syskas-ancestors.html




    Friday, April 14, 2017

    Colonist V: SLAWSON, HOLLY, YOUNGS, LAW, JONES- Updated

    GEORGE SLAWSON (1616-1695)
    SAMUEL HOLLY (1593-1643) &  ELIZABETH (COGAN) HOLLY (1599-1647)
    JOHN YOUNGS (1598-1672) and JOAN (HERRINGTON) YOUNGS (1600- abt. 1638)
    RICHARD LAW (1607-1687) and MARGARET (KILBOURNE) LAW (1607-1689)
    THOMAS JONES (1618-1654)  & Mary (UNK) ( -1650)



    27) George Slawson (abt. 1615-1695) arrived on the "Jonas" in 1636 in Lynn MA.   

    *Slawson spelling variations include Slauson, Slason, Slosson

    George arrived in America with his brother Thomas and moved to Sandwich MA about 1637, then to Stamford CT in 1642.  The name of his first wife, who is the mother of all of his children, is unknown.  In 1680 he married his 2nd wife,  Mary (Williams) Jennings, widow of Joshua Jennings.  George testified at the trial of Elizabeth Clason, accused of witchcraft, stating he had lived as her neighbor for many years and found her to be a woman of peace and without malice.

    • George's oldest son John Slawson (1641-1706) married  Sarah Tuttle ( - 1676) Sarah was murdered on 11/17/1676 with an axe.  Her brother, Benjamin Tuttle, was hanged for the crime.  
    John Slawson married his 2nd wife, Elizabeth Benedict in 1680 and followed his brother, Eleazer Slawson, to Bedford NY in 1681. John soon returned to Stamford where he married his 3rd wife, Hannah (Prunderson) Gibbs.  
      • The son of John and Sarah Slawson, Jonathan Slawson (1670-1727) married Rose Stevens (1683-  ), as his 2nd wife. 
        • David Slawson (1713-1779), son of Jonathan & Rose Slawson, married Eunice Scofield (1707-1742/3)
    • George's 2nd son, Eliezer/Eleazer Slawson (1643-1698)  married Susanna Belding (1651-1707) as his 2nd wife.  Eleazer Slawson was one of the early settlers of Bedford, NY founded in 1680. 
      • Eliezer & Susanna's son, James Slason (1680-1759) married Mehetable Ambler (1675-1737)  
        • Sarah Slason (1715-1814), daughter of James & Mehetable Slason, married Stephen Bishop (1716-1791)



    George Slawson (1615-1695)- John Slawson (1641-1706) -Jonathan Slawson (1670-1727) - David Slawson (1713-1779) - Jonathan Slauson (1736-1820) - Daniel Slauson (1765-1846) - Nathan Dann Slauson (1803-1873)- Lewis Slawson (1830-1885) - Sarah Francis (Slauson) Selleck (1863-1938) - Maud J (Selleck) Scofield (1882-1968) - Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945)

    George Slawson (1616-1695)John Slawson (1641-1706) -Jonathan Slawson (1670-1727) - David Slawson (1713-1779) - Jonathan Slauson (1736-1820) - Lydia (Slauson) Selleck (1777-1845) - Sands Selleck (1817-1898) -  Sanders Selleck (1859-1947) - Maud J (Selleck) Scofield (1882-1968) - Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945)

    George Slawson (1615-1695)- Eliezer/Eleazer Slawson (1643-1698) - James Slason (1680-1759) - Sarah (Slason) Bishop (1715-1814) -Sarah (Bishop) Provost (1746-1791)- John Provost (1767-1853) - BetseyAnn (Provost) Seeley (1807-1856) - Emily (Seeley) Scofield (1843-1927) - Harry Francis Scofield (1870-1956) Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945)


    28)  SAMUEL HOLLY (1593-1643) &  ELIZABETH (COGAN) HOLLY KENDALL (1599-1647) 

    Witch TrialsThe exact year the Holly family arrived in New England is uncertain, but probably between 1630-1635.  Town records show they resided in Cambridge MA by 1639. 

    Samuel died in 1643, after which Elizabeth married John Kendall.  Elizabeth was then tried,
     convicted and executed for witchcraft in 1647.  

    See more of her story at:  http://syskafamily.blogspot.com/2015/01/colonial-witch-trials.html

    The son of Samuel & ElizabethJohn Galen Holly Sr.(1618-1681) married Mary Waitsill (1620-1714) in 1640 in Stamford, Ct.  John Holly served as Stamford's Marshall, Collector of Customs and Judge.
    • John & Mary's daughter, Bethia Holly (1655-1713), married Jonas Weed (1647-1704) in 1676.
      • Daughter of Bethia & Jonas, Abigail Weed (195-1758) married Jeremiah Scofield (1691-1762)
        • Richard Scofield (1717-1772), son of Abigail & Jeremiah, married Marcy/Mercy Buxton (1721-1779)
    • John & Mary's son, John Holly Jr. (1649-1716) married Hannah Newman (1657-1713)
      •  Elizabeth Holly(1697-1742), daughter of John & Hannah, married Nathaniel Seely(1695-1757) in 1722.*
        • Elizabeth & Nathaniel's daughter, Hannah Seeley (1730-1790)  married Sylvanus Scofield (1729-1795)**
        • Sarah Holly (1701-1764) daughter of John & Hannah, married Obadiah Seeley (1701-1745)  (brother of Nathaniel Seeley above).*
          • Sarah & Obadiah's son, Obadiah Seeley Jr. (1728-1775) married Abigail Crissey (1727-1791)**
      Two sisters, Elizabeth & Sarah Holly, married two brothers, Nathaniel & Obadiah Seely.  

      ** The daughter of Hannah Seeley & Sylvanus Scofield, Rhoda Scofield, married her second cousin, John Seely, who was the son of  Obadiah Seeley and Abigail Crissey.  


      SAMUEL HOLLY (1593-1643) &  ELIZABETH (COGAN) HOLLY (1599-1647)- John Holly (1649-1717)- Elizabeth (Holly) Seely (1697-1742) - Hannah (Seely) Scofield (1730-1790) - Rhoda (Scofield) Seely (1765-1806) -  Seth Seely (1806-1880) - Emily (Seely) Scofield (1843-1927) - Harry Francis Scofield (1870-1956) - Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945)

      SAMUEL HOLLY (1593-1643) &  ELIZABETH (COGAN) HOLLY (1599-1647)- John Holly (1649-1717)- Sarah (Holly) Seely (1701-1764) - Obadiah Seely Jr. (1728-1775) - John Seely (1755-1832) - Seth Seely (1806-1880) - Emily (Seely) Scofield (1843-1927) - Harry Francis Scofield (1870-1956) - Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945)

      SAMUEL HOLLY (1593-1643) &  ELIZABETH (COGAN) HOLLY (1599-1647) - Bethia (Holly) Weed (1655-1713) - Abigail (Weed) Scofield (1695-1758)- Richard Scofield (1717-1772) - Enos Scofield (1753-1830) - Stephen Scofield (1782-1853) - Samuel Scofield (1805-1885) - James E. Scofield (1831-1918) - Harry Francis Scofield (1870-1956) - Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945)

      29) John Youngs (1598-1672)  arrived in 1637 aboard the 'MaryAnn' with his second wife, Joan Harris, and his six young children.  
      His first wife, Joan Herrington (abt 1600- abt 1630), who died in England  is believed to be the mother of his first 6  children born from about 1619-1630.  
      Rev. John Youngs was a puritan minister who, in 1640, traveled  across the Long Island Sound with a group of about 13 other Englishman, settling in Peconic Bay and establishing the first permanent NY English settlement.  Unlike their father who settled in Long Island, many of John's children settled in Connecticut.


      • John & Joan's daughter, Sarah Marey Youngs (1624-1697) married first Daniel Scofield (1620-1669) in 1645 in Stamford, CT and second Miles Merwin in 1670.
        • Sarah & Daniel's son John Scofield (1651-1699) married  Hannah Mead (1664-1728)  in 1677 in Stamford, CT.
          • John and Hannah's son, Nathaniel Scofield (1688-1769) married Elizabeth Pettit (1690-1772)
          • John & Hannah's daughter, Mercy/Marcy Scofield (1690-1722) married Henry Lounsbury (1684-1768) in Stamford, CT in 1709.
        • Sarah & Daniel's son Daniel Scofield (1647-1714) married Abigail Merwin (1652-1711), who appears to be his stepsister as the daughter of his mother's 2nd husband, Miles Merwin and his first wife, Elizabeth Powell.  
          • Daniel & Abigail's son, Daniel Scofield (1678-1745) married Hannah Hoyt (1676-1745)



      John Youngs (1598-1672) and Joan (Herrington) Youngs (1600-1630) - Sarah (Youngs) Scofield - Daniel Scofield (1647-1714)- Samuel Scofield (1685-1767) -Abraham Scofield (1727-1787) -Amy (Scofield) Scofield (1760-1844)- Stephen Scofield (1782-1853) - Samuel Scofield (1805-1885) - James Scofield (1831-1918) - Harry F. Scofield (1870-1956)- Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945) 

      John Youngs (1598-1672) and Joan (Herrington) Youngs (1600-1630) - Sarah (Youngs) Scofield - John Scofield (1651-1699) -Nathaniel Scofield (1688-1769) - Sylvanus Scofield (1729-1795) - Rhoda (Scofield) Seeley (1765-1806) - Seth Seeley (1806-1880) - Emily (Seeley) Scofield (1843-1920) -James Scofield (1831-1918) - Harry F. Scofield(1870-1956)- Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945)


      John Youngs (1598-1672) and Joan (Herrington) Youngs (1600-1630) - Sarah (Youngs) Scofield- John Scofield (1651-1699) -Nathaniel Scofield (1688-1769) - Jonathan Scofield* (1719-1788) - Jonathan Scofield (1748-1788) - Elizabeth Ann, 'Betsey' (Scofield) Jones (1783-1838) - Sally Ann (Jones) Scofield (1808-1884) - James Scofield (1831-1918) - Harry F. Scofield(1870-1956)- Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945) 


      John Youngs (1598-1672) and Joan (Herrington) Youngs (1600-1630) - Sarah (Youngs) Scofield - John Scofield (1651-1699) - Mercy/Marcy (Scofield) Lounsbury (1690 -1722) - Rachel (Lounsbury) Scofield* (1718-1760) - Jonathan Scofield (1748-1788) - Elizabeth Ann, 'Betsey' (Scofield) Jones (1783-1838) - Sally Ann (Jones) Scofield (1808-1884)-James Scofield (1831-1918) - Harry F. Scofield(1870-1956)- Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945) 


      30) Richard Law (1607-1687) and Margaret (Kilbourne) law- arrived 1638 with his wife Margaret Kilbourne. 

      Richard Law was the King's attorney in England. He moved to new world after the original settlers and became Town clerk. He served 24 years as selectman from 1641-1664, as Representative for New Haven from 1653-1665, as Representative to Connecticut legislature for 1666, 1669, 1672.
      Richard's grandson - Jonathan Law Jr. (son of Jonathan Law and Sarah Clark) was one of the earliest Harvard graduates and became Governor of CT from 1741-1750.

      • Richard & Margaret's two daughters, Sarah and Abigail Law (1643-1711) (my 9th gr grandmother) married brothers, John and Jonathan Selleck (1641-1713).  
        • Jonathon & Abigail Selleck's son, Jonathon Selleck Jr. (1664-1710) married Abigail Gold (1665-1711).  
          • Jonathan Jr. & Abigail Gold's Son, Nathan Selleck (1686-1772) married Sarah Sands (1696- 1789) as his 3rd wife in 1713.
          • Jonathon Jr. & Abigail Gold's daughter, Theophilia Selleck (1694-1779) married Samuel Pennoyer (1696-1761) 

      Richard Law (1607-1687) & Margaret (Kilbourne) Law (1607-1689) Abigail (Law) Selleck (1643-1711) - Jonathan Selleck Jr. (1664-1710) - Nathan Selleck (1686-1772) - Jonathan Selleck (1720-1790) - Samuel Selleck (1746-1790) - Thomas Selleck (1778-1850) -  Sands Selleck (1817-1898) -  Sanders Selleck (1859-1947) - Maud J (Selleck) Scofield (1882-1968)Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945)

      Richard Law (1607-1687) & Margaret (Kilbourne) Law (1607-1689) Abigail (Law) Selleck (1643-1711) - Jonathan Selleck Jr. (1664-1710) - Theophilia (Selleck) Pennoyer (1694-1779) - Sarah (Pennoyer) Finch (1725-1761) - Jemima (Finch) Scofield (1752-1805) - Elizabeth (Scofield) Jones  (1783-1838) -  Sally Ann (Jones) Scofield (1808-1884) -  James Scofield (1831-1918) - Harry Francis Scofield (1870-1956)Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945)

      31)  Thomas Jones (1618-1654)  & Mary (unk) ( ?-1650) -  arrived before 1639


       He arrived in Connecticut in 1639 to the area now known as Guilford with a group from Surrey lead by Henry Whitfield. They bought land from the Menuncatuck Indians. The group hastily built the meeting house, still standing in 1939 known as "The Old Stone House".
      Families of Early Guilford, Connecticut, Vol. II


      There were several Thomas Jones born circa 1600 who were in New England in the mid 1600's.    At least five are clearly documented.   Our Ancestor is most likely Thomas Jones (abt 1618-1654) that was one of the original inhabitants of Guilford CT.   The date he arrived in the new world is unknown but it was before 1639 when he is documented in Guilford.  One source has him coming to America in 1635 with Mr. Whitfield landing in New Haven CT.  
      On June 1, 1639 the 39 original families to inhabit Guilford signed a convenant. Thomas Jones as well as Francis Bushnell signed that covenant, which is significant because 24 years later, the children of Thomas Jones and Francis Bushnell are wed. 
      Thomas arrived in Guilford, CT at 22 years old and most likely married his wife there.  Her name was Mary, but her last name is unknown.  It may have been Carter or Howard, but that is unproven.

      • Her surname was not North, as Mary North was the wife of a different Thomas Jones who was a Blacksmith living in Massachusetts with his wife and 6 children (see below).

      Our ancestors, Thomas & Mary Jones, had four children, but the youngest, Thomas, passed away as an infant in 1651, a month after his mother died.  After the death of his wife and son, Thomas Jones Sr., returned to England where he contracted small pox and passed away in 1654.  Their surviving children, Samuel, Sarah & Nathaniel, remained in America.



      Thomas' eldest son, Samuel Jones (1641-1704) married Mary Bushnell (daughter of Francis) in Saybrook CT abt. 1663.

      • The son of Samuel & Mary, John Jones (1676-1721) married Elizabeth Dann (1686-1731) in Stamford in 1702. 
        • John & Elizabeth's son, Thomas Jones (1719-  ) married Mary Demille or Daniel.  
      Thomas Jones (1618-1654)) & Mary (unk) Jones (  - 1650)  - Samuel Jones (1641-1704)  - John Jones (1676-1721) - Thomas Jones (1719 -   ) -  Reuben Jones (1748-1784) - Reuben Jones Jr. (1776-1858) - Sally Ann (Jones) Scofield (1808-1884) -  James E. Scofield (1831-1918) -  Harry F. Scofield(1870-1956)-  Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945) 




      Wednesday, April 12, 2017

      Colonists Part IV - Richard & Danield Scofield, Pennoyer, Bassett, Mead, Hunt and Gilbert

      1635-1639

      Richard Scofield (1613-1671)
      Daniel Scofield (1620-1669) and Sarah Youngs (1624-1697)
      Robert Pennoyer (1614-1678) & Ealse (Marshall) Pennoyer (1618-1671)
      John Bassett (1589-1652) & Margery (Holland) Bassett (1590-1656)
      William Mead (1600-1663) 
      William Hunt (1604-1667) & Elizabeth (Best) Hunt (1607-1667)
      Jonathan Gilbert (1617-1682)

      Some Scofield Family History:

      Richard and Daniel Scofield were brothers   born in Rochdale, Lancashire England, the sons of Alexander Scofield and Mary Norton and grandsons of   Cuthbert Scofield and Janey Langley.  However, Cuthbert and Janey were not married at the time, thus Alexander was baptized as Cuthbert's illegitimate son. 


      • Richard and Daniel both emigrated to America about 1635 and our family's relation to them is well documented.  Likewise,the relationship in England between Alexander Scofield as the son of Cuthbert Scofield, owner of Scofield hall, is documented. Alexander Scofield is considered to be the father of Richard and Daniel. I have not found any evidence or suggestions to conflict this, but I haven't found any birth or other primary sources to conclusively prove that relationship either.  Further, it is somewhat curious that neither Richard nor his brother Daniel named any of their children after their parents, Alexander or Mary, which was the English custom at the time. 

      19) Richard Scofield (my 9th great grandfather) emigrated from England in 1635 aboard the "Susan & Ellen." 
      Richard initially settled in Ipswich MA and moved to Stamford Ct on an unknown date.  We know that Richard was there prior to 1659 due to property records and according to stamford town records, two of his children were born in Stamford- Elizabeth in 1653 and Jeremy in 1658.  
      Richard married his wife, Mary (unknown) before 1650.  After Richard's death, Mary remarried Robert Pennoyer.    Richard and Mary had four children- Richard, Elizabeth, Hannah and Jeremiah- although the order of their births is uncertain.  

      Richard & Mary's son Richard Scofield (1650-1726)  married Ruth Brundish(1672-1742). Their son, Jeremiah Scofield (1691-1762) married Abigail Weed (1695-1780)

       Richard & Mary (unk) Scofield- Richard Scofield (1650-1726) -Jeremiah Scofield (1691-1762)- Richard Scofield (1717-1772) - Enos Scofield (1753-1830)- Stephen Scofield (1782-1853) -Samuel Scofield (1805-1885) - James Scofield (1831-1918) - Harry F. Scofield (1870-1956)- Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945)


      20)  Daniel Scofield (1620-1669) (my 9th great grandfather) arrived about 1639 possibly aboard the Fellowship.

      Some accounts say Daniel came over on the same ship as Richard in 1635, but he is not on the passenger list.  Daniel was however documented in America before 1641 and is considered one of the Stamford Ct. Pioneers of 1642.  Daniel is in the early town records many times and served as Stamford town marshal as well as a Town Selectmen for many years.

      Daniel Scofield  married Sarah Youngs - the daughter of Reverend John Youngs (1598-1672) and Joan Herrington (1600-1630) of Southhold, NY.

      > Daniel & Sarah's son Samuel Scofield (1651-1699) married Hannah Weed (1687-1739)

      > Daniel & Sarah's son John Scofield (1651-1699) married Hannah Mead (1664-1728).
      • John & Hannah's Son, Nathaniel Scofield (1688-1769) married Elizabeth Pettit (1690-1772)
        • Nathaniel & Elizabeth's son, Sylvanus Scofield (1729-1795) married Hannah Seeley (1730-1790)
        • Nathaniel & Elizabeth's son, Jonathan Scofield (1719-1788) married his first cousin, Rachel Lounsbury (1718-1788)

      • John & Hannah's daughter, Mercy/Marcy Scofield (1690-1722) married Henry Lounsbury (1684-1758)
        • Mercy & Henry's daughter, Rachel Lounsbury married her first cousin, Jonathan Scofield. 


         Daniel Scofield & Sarah (Youngs) Scofield - Daniel Scofield (1647-1714)- Samuel Scofield (1685-1767) -Abraham Scofield (1727-1787) -Amy (Scofield) Scofield (1760-1844)- Stephen Scofield (1782-1853) - Samuel Scofield (1805-1885) - James Scofield (1831-1918) - Harry F. Scofield (1870-1956)- Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945) 

        Daniel Scofield & Sarah (Youngs) Scofield - John Scofield (1651-1699) -Nathaniel Scofield (1688-1769) - Sylvanus Scofield (1729-1795) - Rhoda (Scofield) Seeley (1765-1806) - Seth Seeley (1806-1880) - Emily (Seeley) Scofield (1843-1920) -James Scofield (1831-1918) - Harry F. Scofield(1870-1956)- Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945)


        Daniel Scofield & Sarah (Youngs) Scofield- John Scofield (1651-1699) -Nathaniel Scofield (1688-1769) - Jonathan Scofield* (1719-1788) - Jonathan Scofield (1748-1788) - Elizabeth Ann, 'Betsey' (Scofield) Jones (1783-1838) - Sally Ann (Jones) Scofield (1808-1884)
        James Scofield (1831-1918) - Harry F. Scofield(1870-1956)- Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945) 

        Daniel Scofield & Sarah (Youngs) Scofield - John Scofield (1651-1699) - Mercy/Marcy (Scofield) Lounsbury (1690 -1722) - Rachel (Lounsbury) Scofield* (1718-1760) - 
        Jonathan Scofield (1748-1788) - Elizabeth Ann, 'Betsey' (Scofield) Jones (1783-1838) - Sally Ann (Jones) Scofield (1808-1884)-James Scofield (1831-1918) - Harry F. Scofield(1870-1956)- Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945) 


        COUSINS:

        • 1st cousins: Jonathan Scofield (1719-1788) and Rachel Lounsbury (1718-1788) m. 1746
          •      *Jonathon's father and Rachel's mother were siblings.
        • 2nd cousins: John Seeley (1755-1832) and Rhoda Scofield (1765-1806) married in 1783
          • *John's paternal grandfather, Obadiah Seeley (b.1701), was the brother of Rhoda's maternal grandfather, Nathaniel Seeley (b.1695). 
          • *John's paternal grandmother, Sarah Holly (b.1701) was the sister of Rhoda's maternal grandmother, Elizabeth Holly (b.1697)
        • Ironically, Amy Scofield and Enos Scofield who shared the same surname, wed in 1779 and were actually third cousins.  Their paternal great grandfathers were the brothers Richard & Daniel Scofield.



          21)  Robert Pennoyer/Penniard (1614-1678) & Ealse (Marshall) Pennoyer (1618-1671) probably arrived in 1635 aboard the "Hopewell." 


          Robert was a Turner by trade who came to America when he was 21 years old. He married Ealse Marshall, mother of all his children, by 1653.  His second wife was Mary (unk) Scofield, widow of Richard Scofield.

          Robert settled in Medford, MA, moving to New Amsterdam, Stamford and, finally, Mamaroneck, NY.  He was in trouble with the law numerous times, accused of assaulting a young married woman, for which he was flogged, and of drunkenness.  He also served as a soldier in the Indian war and was, reportedly, appointed Constable of Mamaroneck in 1667.   

          His daughter, Elizabeth, married Richard Lounsbury in 1670 and their son, Henry, married Mercy Scofield in 1709.

          Robert & Ealse (Marshall) Pennoyer - Elizabeth (Pennoyer) Lounsbury (1651-1694) - Henry Lounsbury (1684-1758) - Rachel (Lounsbury) Scofield (1718-1760) - Jonathan Scofield (1748- 1788) -Elizabeth Ann, 'Betsey' (Scofield) Jones (1783-1838) - Sally Ann (Jones) Scofield (1808-1884) - James Scofield (1831-1918) - Harry F. Scofield(1870-1956)- Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945) 

          22)  John Bassett (1589-1652) & Margery (Holland) Bassett (1590-1656) arrived about 1635 and settled in New Haven Ct.  

          There are a 5 Bassett families documented in colonial New England.  The first to arrive about 1620 was William Bassett of Plymouth. He was followed by a second William Bassett 10+ years later who settled in Lynn MA.   Next was John (my 9th Gr Grandfather) & William Bassett who were probably related and both settled in New Haven.  The 5th Basset family was Thomas who settled in Fairfield Ct.  

          Records indicate John Bassett was christened May 17, 1589, in Heyshott, Sussex, England, son of Robert Bassett. However, genetic DNA tests have found a possible connection of both John and William Bassett of New Haven to the Bassetts of Claybrooke, Leicester, England, where the Bassett line can be traced to 1600.


          John & Margery's daughter Elizabeth Bassett (1637-1672) married Isaac Finch(1635-1702).
          • Elizabeth & Isaac's daughter, Elizabeth Finch (1669-1720) married Jonathan Pettit (1656-1720)
            • Elizabeth & Jonathon's daughter, Elizabeth Pettit (1690-1772) married Nathaniel Scofield (1688-1769)

          John & Margery (Holland) Bassett - Elizabeth (Bassett) Finch (1637-1672) - Elizabeth (Finch) Pettit (1669-1720) - Elizabeth (Pettit) Scofield (1690-1772) - Jonathan Scofield (1719-1788) - Elizabeth Ann, 'Betsey' (Scofield) Jones (1783-1838) - Sally Ann (Jones) Scofield (1808-1884) - James Scofield (1831-1918) - Harry F. Scofield(1870-1956)- Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945) 

          John & Margery (Holland) Bassett - Elizabeth (Bassett) Finch (1637-1672) - Elizabeth (Finch) Pettit (1669-1720) - Elizabeth (Pettit) Scofield (1690-1772) - Sylvanus Scofield (1729-1795) - Rhoda(Scofield) Seeley (1765-1806) - Seth Seeley (1806-1880) - Emily (Seeley) Scofield (1843-1920) - James Scofield (1831-1918) - Harry F. Scofield(1870-1956)- Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945)


          23) William Mead (abt.1600-1663) arrived 1635 

          William came to America possibly on the Elizabeth, although he is not on the passenger list (which appears to be incomplete).  He is said to have arrived with his wife, children and three brothers, Gabriel, Richard and John.  

          Meads tombstoneWilliam settled initially in Wethersfield Ct. but moved to Stamford soon there after.  Town Records confirm that William Mead was in Stamford prior to 1641 when he received a homelot and 5 acres.  

          Mead Family Research cites William's birth as either 1592 in Hertfordshire England or 1600 in Watford England.  There is conflicting information regarding the identity of his wives. He appears to have married in England possibly to Phillipa (unknown), probably the mother of his three young children (Joseph , Martha  & John) all born in England.  William's first wife may have died en route or soon after arriving in New England.  Colonial records indicate William married Martha Davis in New England in 1635, probably a 2nd marriage for both of them as one source refers to her as Martha (Baker) Davis.    

          His son John Mead (1628- 1699) married Hannah Potter in 1657 and moved to Old Greenwich CT in 1660.  John Mead is one of the 27 proprietors of Greenwich, who in 1672 bought indian land .  

          John & Hannah's daughter, Hannah Mead (1664- 1721) married John Scofield (1651-1699), son of Daniel & Sarah Scofield. 

          William Mead (1600-1663) - John Mead (1628-1669) - Hannah (Mead) Scofield (1664-`1728) - Samuel Scofield (1678-1707)- Eunice (Scofield) Slawson (1707-1742/3) - Jonathan Slauson (1736-1820) - Daniel Slauson (1765-1846) - Nathan Dann Slauson (1803-1873)- Lewis Slawson (1830-1885) - Sarah Francis (Slauson) Selleck (1863-1938) - Maud J (Selleck) Scofield (1882-1968) - Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945)

          William Mead (1600-1663) - John Mead (1628-1669) - Hannah (Mead) Scofield (1664-`1728) - Samuel Scofield (1678-1707)-Eunice (Scofield) Slawson (1707-1742/43) - Jonathan Slauson (1736-1820) - Lydia (Slauson) Selleck (1777-1845) - Sands Selleck (1817-1898) -  Sanders Selleck (1859-1947) - Maud J (Selleck) Scofield (1882-1968) - Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945)

          William Mead (1600-1663) - John Mead (1628-1669) - Hannah (Mead) Scofield (1664-`1728) - Nathaniel Scofield (1688-1769) - Jonathan Scofield* (1719-1788) - Jonathan Scofield (1748-1788) -  Elizabeth Ann 'Betsey' (Scofield) Jones (1783-1838) - Sally Ann (Jones) Scofield (1808-1884) - James Scofield (1831-1918) - Harry F. Scofield(1870-1956)- Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945) 

          William Mead (1600-1663) - John Mead (1628-1669) - Hannah (Mead) Scofield (1664-`1728) - Nathaniel Scofield (1688-1769) - Sylvanus Scofield (1729-1795) - Rhoda(Scofield) Seeley (1765-1806) - Seth Seeley (1806-1880) - Emily (Seeley) Scofield (1843-1920) - James Scofield (1831-1918) - Harry F. Scofield(1870-1956)- Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945)


          24) William Hunt (1604-1667) & Elizabeth (Best) Hunt arrived about 1635 in Boston MA


          The exact date of William Hunt's arrival is unknown but he is considered one of the founders of Concord MA.  There is conflicting information as to whether he married Elizabeth Best in England or America.  

          Their daughter Hannah Hunt was born in Boston MA on Feb. 12, 1639 according to transcribed Boston town records.   Hannah married John Brundage/Brondish (1635-1697) in 1660 in Fairfield Ct.  

          Hannah & John's daughter, Ruth Brondish, married Richard Scofield (1650-1726) in the year 1689 in Stamford Ct. 

          Daughter Hannah (Hunt) Brondish (1639-1721) - Ruth (Brondish) Scofield (1672-1742) - Jeremiah Scofield (1691-1762) - Richard Scofield (1717-1772)- Enos Scofield (1753-1830)- Stephen Scofield (1782-1853) -Samuel Scofield (1805-1885) - James Scofield (1831-1918) - Harry F. Scofield(1870-1956)- Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945)

          25) Jonathan Gilbert (1617-1682)*  arrived in Boston in 1635 from England with his brothers Thomas, Obadiah, and Josiah to Boston.  

          *Our connection to Jonathan Gilbert appears probable but is unproven.  More research is needed although I've currently hit a solid cement wall.  


          Jonathan Gilbert is believed to be the son of Thomas Gilbert (abt 1592-1659) and Elizabeth Bennett, born in Yardley, Worcester, England.  Thomas followed his four sons to America, arriving in about 1639 with his wife and younger children.  Thomas was granted land and settled at Wolleston MA in 1640 and later moving to Windsor CT and finally to Wethersfield where he died in 1659.



          In 1654, Lydia Gilbert, (abt 1610-1654) was tried and convicted of witchcraft and probably executed by hanging in Windsor, Hartford Connecticut.  Lydia was accused of using witchcraft to cause the death of Henry Stiles who died in 1651 when a gun accidentally discharged in the hands of Thomas Allyn during militia drills. Allyn was fined 20 pounds and loss the use of his gun for a year.  Lydia Gilbert was sentenced to death.   
          Lydia is identified as the wife of Thomas Gilbert.  However, it is unclear if she is the second wife of Thomas Sr. which would make her Jonathan Gilbert's step mother, or the wife of Thomas Jr. and thus the sister-in-law of Jonathan Gilbert. Records of Lydia Gilbert's trial and conviction can be found, but there is no record of her death.  Some historians have suggested she escaped with her husband to Nayaug Ct. (Glastonbury), but I haven't found evidence to support this.

          Jonathan Gilbert (1617-1682) (my 9th Gr Grandfather) was at Hartford 1640 and later moved to New Haven.  He was an innkeeper and served as an interpreter between the Indians and English. He also served as collector of customs, Master Marshal of Connecticut Colonies and Cornet of the Hartford Troop during the Pequot war. He married Mary White (1626-1650) first and Mary Welles second. 

          The son of Jonathan and Mary (White), Jonathan Jr. (1648-1696) married Dorothy Stow (1659-1698).  

          Dorothy and Jonathon's daughter, Mary Mercy Gilbert (1680-1757)* was probably the wife of Still John Lockwood (1672-1758).  Although I have not been able to confirm this to date.   Still John Lockwood's wife died before him so only his children are named in his will.  They had 13 children, but most of their birth records only list the father's name.  Several records reference his wife Mary and, in at least one record, Still John's wife is referred to as Miss Gilbert.  One of their sons is also named Gilbert. 

          Jonathan Gilbert (1617-1682) & Mary (White) Gilbert (1626-1650)- Jonathan Gilbert (1648-1696) - Mary Mercy Gilbert (1680-1757)- Robert Lockwood (1714-1784) -  Lydia (Lockwood) Slauson (1742-1773) - Daniel Slauson (1765-1846) - Nathan Dann Slauson (1803-1873)- Lewis Slawson (1830-1885) - Sarah Francis (Slauson) Selleck (1863-1938) - Maud J (Selleck) Scofield (1882-1968) - Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945)

          Jonathan Gilbert (1617-1682) & Mary (White) Gilbert (1626-1650)- Jonathan Gilbert (1648-1696) - Mary Mercy Gilbert (1680-1757)- Robert Lockwood (1714-1784) -  Lydia (Lockwood) Slauson (1742-1773) - Lydia (Slauson) Selleck (1777-1845) - Sands Selleck (1817-1898) -  Sanders Selleck (1859-1947) - Maud J (Selleck) Scofield (1882-1968) - Beatrice P. (Scofield) Syska (1906-1945)